How to Cite SDSS

If you have used public SDSS data in your paper, please cite the following papers describing the instruments, survey, and data analysis as appropriate:

Please cite the relevant survey description(s):

the Sloan Foundation 2.5-meter Telescope description:

the relevant Data Release Paper:

  • Alam et al. 2015 (Data Release 12) is the most recent Data Release paper, but please cite the appropriate paper for the Data Release used for your download.

and the relevant instrumentation paper(s):

In addition, the appropriate SDSS acknowledgment(s) for the survey and data releases that were used should be included in the Acknowledgments section:

For reference, a more extensive list of technical SDSS papers that it may be appropriate to cite is available at the Technical Publications page of SDSS-III. In particular, this list includes papers that describe the target selection algorithms for the different SDSS spectroscopic surveys and the methods that have been used to extract physical quantities such as classifications, photometry, astronometry, redshifts, and stellar parameters from the survey data.

TeX version of the SDSS-IV acknowledgement

Here is the TeX code for the SDSS-IV standard acknowledgement, which can be pasted directly into papers written in TeX format:

Funding for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV has been provided by
the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of
Science, and the Participating Institutions. SDSS-IV acknowledges
support and resources from the Center for High-Performance Computing at
the University of Utah. The SDSS web site is

SDSS-IV is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the 
Participating Institutions of the SDSS Collaboration including the 
Brazilian Participation Group, the Carnegie Institution for Science, 
Carnegie Mellon University, the Chilean Participation Group, the French Participation Group, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 
Instituto de Astrof\'isica de Canarias, The Johns Hopkins University, 
Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU) / 
University of Tokyo, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 
Leibniz Institut f\"ur Astrophysik Potsdam (AIP),  
Max-Planck-Institut f\"ur Astronomie (MPIA Heidelberg), 
Max-Planck-Institut f\"ur Astrophysik (MPA Garching), 
Max-Planck-Institut f\"ur Extraterrestrische Physik (MPE), 
National Astronomical Observatory of China, New Mexico State University, 
New York University, University of Notre Dame, 
Observat\'ario Nacional / MCTI, The Ohio State University, 
Pennsylvania State University, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, 
United Kingdom Participation Group,
Universidad Nacional Aut\'onoma de M\'exico, University of Arizona, 
University of Colorado Boulder, University of Oxford, University of Portsmouth, 
University of Utah, University of Virginia, University of Washington, University of Wisconsin, 
Vanderbilt University, and Yale University.